“After having heard that Lazarus was ill, [Jesus] stayed two days longer in the place where he was” (John 11:6). Two. Days. longer. The Gospel of John tells us that Lazarus’ sisters, Mary and Martha, sent an urgent message to Jesus: “Lord, he whom you love is ill” (John 11:3). Upon hearing this medical emergency of the friend he dearly loved—not just an acquaintance, Jesus didn’t rush over, didn’t even leave quickly, but he only said, “He’s not going to die,” and waited for two more days. Excuse me? Is this person the Jesus that we know? Why did he do that? According to Jesus, “It’s all for God’s glory.”
Meanwhile in Bethany, Mary and Martha was going through a miserable time. Initially, they might have had a great hope for Jesus as they sent a message to him. “Yes, he loves Lazarus. He will definitely run over here and heal my brother!” But instead, what actually happened to them? They had to watch Lazarus die helplessly. There was no response from Jesus for two days. And while they were desperately waiting for Jesus, they lost their hope and lost themselves in sadness. Then, they lost their faith. “Lazarus is dead. It’s done. There’s no more chance.” They buried their brother in a cave-like tomb, and they buried their hopes there with him. Bitterness and despair took over the hearts of Mary and Martha.
Living our life, how many days are like those two dark days that Mary and Martha experienced? I mean, the days when we pray and send desperate messages to God, “Dear Lord, help me,” but receive only deep silence in return. I mean, the days when distress and sorrow beat us down to our knees, but we can’t muster up courage anymore and can’t find the peace of Christ inside. I mean, the days when we feel empty and lost, but we can’t feel the presence of God in our lives. When was the last time you were in these dark days? Or, are you going through such days right now? Yes, in these days we feel helpless and vulnerable amid the rapidly spreading virus and mounting death toll. Yet, there’s no clear sign of hope on the horizon. We just stay at home, burrowed like hermit crabs, shut the doors of our houses and…perhaps, shut the doors of our hearts as well.
Undergoing dark days, to whatever degree we may go through them, it is so easy for us to bury our hope, bury our peace, and bury a bright and positive part of ourselves in a deep cave, in a tomb of despair. Truly, it is hard to hold on to our faith. Look at Mary and Martha in the Gospel story. Through those two days, they changed so much. Listen to them accusing Jesus who finally arrived, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died” (John 11:21). This implies, “Jesus, why did it take so long? Why?” Like Mary and Martha, it’s quite inevitable for us to lose a great deal of faith and begin to deny the possibilities in God as we go through our dark days.
Then, is there any way we can revive our faith, or at least maintain our faith in these days? Is there any way we can bring our lost selves from the cave back to the light of Christ again? Here’s the good news for us today. There is a certain solution that is tailored to meet our needs. And even better, this solution has been testified by our faithful ancestors in the Bible and in Christian history. So I can confidently introduce this fail-proof solution to you. And that is…waiting. Yes, the solution is to wait, to learn how to wait for the Lord. I know, it can be a frustrating answer to you. But I don’t know how to put it other ways. So again, faithful friends in Christ, waiting is our solution.
Mary and Martha, they had to wait for Jesus. They waited unwillingly because they couldn’t find any other alternatives. But they should’ve known, Jesus was also waiting. He was waiting for the right and mature time of God, which they couldn’t discern. Yes, there’s no tardiness in God’s grace. Our God “neither slumbers nor sleeps” to keep us (Psalm 121:4). But at the same time, we have to admit that it is indeed God who chooses the time—not us. And we live on God’s timeline—not ours. Our lives are not totally under our control. Bishop William Willimon says, even if we are in grave needs for God’s help, we have to wait for “God to be God in God’s own good time.” “And it’s utterly dependent on God to do for us what we cannot do for ourselves. And it happens not as soon as we might like.” Yes, Mary and Martha should have known that Jesus, with his compassionate love, was also waiting for the opportune moment of God during that dark days.
After the days, Jesus finally arrived and brought Lazarus back to life. In this act of God’s grace, Jesus reveals an enduring hope for Mary and Martha and for us today. He says, “I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me, even though they die, will live, and everyone who lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?” (John 11:25-26). Going through our dark days, we wait, yet we don’t wait aimlessly. Our waiting is not of hopelessness. Our waiting is not a helpless drift through the passage of time. Instead, we wait for the coming Jesus Christ who is the resurrection and the life.
In today’s Hebrew Bible reading we also meet a person who is desperately waiting for God to act. But unlike Mary and Martha, he couldn’t witness how God acts upon the promise. Most of his lifetime was filled with dark days until the end. He is Ezekiel, and this prophet lived one of the most turbulent times in the history of Israel. During his ministry, Jerusalem was fallen by the powerful Babylonians. And he was taken to the city of Babylonia. All hopes were lost for him. Nevertheless, he waited. In exile, he waited. He waited for God’s time to come.
To him, God gave a marvelous vision. In the vision, the Spirit of the Lord sets him down in the middle of a valley full of bones. Then, God says to him, “Mortal, these bones are the whole house of Israel. They say, ‘Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are cut off completely.’ Therefore prophesy, and say to them, Thus says the Lord God: I am going to open your graves, and bring you up from your graves, O my people; and I will bring you back to the land of Israel” (Ezekiel 37:11-12). Then he witnesses how God revives and raises the whole house of Israel from the dry bones.
Even though Ezekiel died before the release of the captive Israelites and their return to Jerusalem, he faithfully waited for God’s time with this hopeful vision in his heart. Like Ezekiel, going through our dark days, we wait, yet we don’t wait aimlessly. Our waiting is not of hopelessness. Our waiting is not a helpless drift through the passage of time. But we wait for our God, who has a power, to open our graves and bring us up to the new life. God promises Ezekiel and us today, “I will put my spirit within you, and you shall live, and I will place you on your own soil; then you shall know that I, the Lord, have spoken and will act,” says the Lord (Ezekiel 37:14).
Faithful friends in Christ, our Lord is “the resurrection and the life,” who sets Lazarus free from the tomb of death. Our God is the God of new creation, who revives a vast multitude out of the valley full of dry bones. Walking through our darkest days, let us humbly wait for this God. Our waiting never goes in vain, because we know who our God is and what God is capable of, because we know that our God is also waiting for God’s own good time to work for us. And our waiting is never passive. Rather it’s an active action, because we reaffirm our faith in the promise of God while waiting, because we sow the tenacious and audacious hope that sprouts even from the darkness, even from the wilderness.
Therefore, from today, let us never lose our confidence and faith in our Lord although our days are still dark. And let us wait for God’s time to come with patience and penitence, in our prayers and meditations. In our humble waiting, may the Spirit of the Lord, who brought Lazarus out of the grave, call you out of despair and darkness. May the Spirit of the Lord, who revived the whole house of Israel from the dry bones, empower you and lift you up. And as the Apostle Paul proclaims in his Letter to the Romans today, may the Spirit of the Lord who raised Jesus from the dead dwell in you and give life and everlasting hope to you always (Romans 8:11). Amen.
Spring is here, yet it hasn’t truly arrived at our hearts. The coronavirus pandemic shuts down our social activities, paralyzes local and global economies, and makes us hunker down and distance ourselves from one another. Postponed and cancelled, closed and banned… these disheartening words buzz our ears every day. On my way to the church this past week, I saw Montclair and Verona’s downtown almost empty. Many local businesses were closed. Restaurants, barber shops, nail salons, bakeries, coffee shops. And I heard stories of the most vulnerable neighbors around us. The stories of uninsured and undocumented people who cannot even see the doctors, stories of people who just got laid off…their lives are at great danger amid this crisis.
One day, in my prayer, I asked God, “Why? Why Lord? For how long?” I’m sure, I was not the only one who asked God such questions recently. In the face of a crisis, we Christians often raise questions and try to understand our situation from a theological point of view. Regarding the coronavirus crisis, I know, some Christians point out the stories of plague in the Bible and say, “This crisis might happen because of our sins. God might teach us to be faithful again.” And others find some similar events described in the Book of Revelation and say, “Look. This is the sign of end time. Jesus is coming soon. God’s judgment has just begun.” Well…what do you think? Would it be right? Wrong?
Whether right or wrong, I understand, it’s natural for us to try to make some sense out of this overwhelming experience. As humans, we try to use our reason and apply some logic to figure out what’s going on around us. But before we jump to our own answers and conclusions, I believe, we should be honest with ourselves first. I mean, we should honestly accept the fact that there’s no way that our theological answers can be clear enough or right enough to explain all things about the crisis. Whatever answers we find, the bottom line is clear. Human reason is too limited, and our faith is too dim to fully grasp the way God works in our lives. And for sure, we don’t have any authority to claim our answers in the name of God.
Then, what’s the point? Now, let us look into today’s Gospel story and see how Jesus responds to this subject matter. In the story, the disciples meet a man who was born blind. Looking at this man’s misery, they try to find out a theological reason for that. Soon, the disciples come up with a fairly good answer. They assume that his blindness is the punishment for sin. So they ask, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” (John 9:2) Jesus replies, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned” (9:3). Jesus simply denies, it’s not because of anyone’s sin, and God didn’t cause his pain.
Let’s take a look at how Jesus answers: “he was born blind so that God’s works might be revealed in him (9:3).” At this point, we should be very careful. Here, Jesus in no way means that God intentionally made the man born blind in order to give Jesus a good chance to heal him and show off his power. By no means. To know what he truly means, we should read the following words too. “We must work the works of him who sent me while it is day; night is coming when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world’” (9:4-5). Here, Jesus’ point is this. The man is blind. That’s a reality. But the fact that he is blind…is not something for you to theologically comprehend. It’s not your work to figure it out. But he’s there, for you to work the works of God for him. Find ways to help him and heal him with God’s compassionate love. Then, you may see how God’s works are revealed in him.
After saying these, Jesus opens the blind man’s eyes. He shows how the work of God can be actually revealed through this man and how he himself can be the light of the world. Later in the Gospel story, like the disciples, the Pharisees also try to figure something out about this man. They also think that the man was born blind because of sin. And for the Pharisees, it’s impossible for Jesus, who is a sinner, did such a work of God. So they scrutinize the man. But what can he say? He just answers, “I do not know whether [Jesus] is a sinner. One thing I do know, that though I was blind, now I see” (9:25). Reasoning and sense-making on their own did not make the blind man’s situation any better. But it was the graceful work of God, it was the compassionate love of Jesus Christ that saved the blind man from his lifelong pain and gave him a new life.
Today, this Gospel story gives us a great lesson. In fact, the crisis, the time of suffering is upon us. We see many people in need. And we feel vulnerable too. This is a reality, a painful reality. But it’s not our job to prove a theological rationale behind this crisis. It’s not our work to ask unanswerable questions. Rather, as Jesus said to his disciples, we must work the works of God in this crisis, so that God’s work of grace and love can be revealed in many people’s lives, even in this grave situation.
Then, what is this work of God? We already know all too well. This work is to act justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with God. This work is to overcome our fear with our faith in God. This work is to hold onto the promise of new life no matter what. This work is to trust in Jesus and find new ways to extend his love across our distance. This work is to take care of the vulnerable, help them and pray for them. Yes, this work basically is to bring the light of Christ to others in this time of darkness.
Why? Why Lord? For how long? Whenever we ask, Jesus calls us. He tells us: don’t get stuck in your worries about the crisis, don’t get bogged down in your questions, but do God’s work as children of light. The Epistle reading for today tells us, “For once you were darkness, but now in the Lord you are light. Live as children of light” (Ephesians 5:8). So let us find again this light inside us, and reveal the light during this challenging time. Now is the time for us to leave behind all depressing thoughts but focus on doing God’s work. Now is the time for us to be the church, be one Body of Christ, in new and creative ways. And now is the time for us to trust the Lord, our Good Shepherd, who is with us always even in the valley of the shadow of death. Amen.
What can we do with our faith amid this Coronavirus crisis? Is our faith able to make this turbulent situation any better? Is our faith able to boost our immune system and protect us from the virus? Here’s a more fundamental question. Does our faith even matter in this chaos? Yes? Then, how? In what way? Faithful friends in Christ, I think, now is the time we should clearly answer these questions.
The rapidly evolving spread of Coronavirus becomes the greatest threat to our lives. Day after day, the number of confirmed cases continues to climb across the States. Last Friday, a national emergency was declared. Schools are sending their students back home and starting online classes. Public offices are closed. In the meantime, racism rears its ugly head and some people fall prey to discrimination and assaults. And much faster than the spread of virus, selfishness is infecting us like wildfire, and we are helplessly exposed to overwhelming fears—fear of uncertainty and fear of the other.
If we take a close look at this situation, we find, this crisis is exceptionally serious not just because Coronavirus itself is life-threatening and even fatal to the vulnerable, but also because this crisis causes us to be unnecessarily anxious. And excessive anxiety invokes our primal instinct for survival and grows the urge, the thirst, for our unsatisfied basic needs amid the crisis—need for safety, for health, for care, for well-being. Maybe, this is a very natural and common human reaction to a crisis like this.
Both the Hebrew Bible and Gospel stories for today show us two different cases of crisis. In the Exodus story, we see the people of Israel facing a deadly calamity. After they escaped from the slavery in Egypt, they are on their journey to the promised land. This journey has been great overall except the fact that they need to travel through the wilderness. One day, people can’t find water to drink. So they do what they are good at. They make complaints to Moses, “Why did you bring us out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and livestock with thirst?” “Is the Lord among us or not?” (Exodus 17:3;7) Overwhelmed by growing anxiety and thirst, they already lost their faith. They lost the joy of liberation and forgot the mighty works and wonders of God that saved them.
In today’s Gospel story, we see the Samaritan woman. She’s one anxious and thirsty soul. One of the main causes of her issue is her ethnic background. In Jesus’ time, there was a clear separation between the Samaritans and the Jews. Technically, both of them were Abraham’s offspring. But the Samaritans inter-married non-Jews, so their bloodline got mixed up. So, the Jews denounced them as half-breeds and didn’t want to interact with them. See how the Samaritan woman replies when Jesus asks for a drink: “How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria? (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.)” (John 4:9) Yes, she’s not very proud of herself being a Samaritan. She thirsts for some dignity.
Moreover, she has a much graver cause of anxiety. It’s from her personal history. When Jesus says to her, “Go, call your husband, and come back,” the woman answers him, “I have no husband.” Then, Jesus says, “You are right in saying, I have no husband; for you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true!” (John 4:16-18) We don’t know her entire life story but one thing is clear. She went through a lot in her marital relationships, and she has lived a shifting and twisting life of unrest. Was this record okay by people in the days of Jesus? No doubt, it must be something she always wanted to hide away but always followed after her. In this anxious Samaritan woman’s heart, there grow deep thirst—thirst for some self-esteem, for a true relationship.
Although these two cases of crisis look different from the other, from the stories, we find, God’s solution is the same. For the people of Israel, God satisfies their need by giving them water through Moses. The purpose is to teach them how to remain faithful in times of crisis, how to remain joyful and hopeful for the promised land on their wilderness journey. True, God’s solution to their crisis is faith. For the Samaritan woman, God sends Jesus. And Jesus opens her heart and opens her eyes so she can have faith in him and find new life in him. It’s the same. The solution to her crisis is also faith.
Of course, faith is not a magic wand. So it couldn’t rewrite the Samaritan woman’s past history; it couldn’t completely wipe away her disgrace or instantly satisfy all of her thirst. But faith must have enabled her to live a new life in Christ. How am I so sure? It’s because I believe, faith has a power to awaken all of us to see ourselves always worthy and beloved no matter what; faith has a power to fill our hearts with the joy of salvation and relieve us from anxiety and thirst; faith has a power to give us enduring hope for the future in Christ.
Faithful friends in Christ, I asked in the beginning, what can we do with our faith in the midst of this Coronavirus crisis? How does faith matter in these anxious and thirsty days? For sure, our faith is not a vaccine for the virus. But I can testify with confidence that our faith is the God-given solution in any crisis of our lives. It’s because, faith is the doorway to a new life. Through faith, we live a new life with deep awareness of the unchanging truth that God loves us and God is with us always. Through faith, we live a new life with joy and hope, not with anxiety and thirst even in the middle of a crisis.
The Apostle Paul tells us today, we can even boast our faith “in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us” (Romans 5:3-5). Yes, God’s steadfast love is in our hearts through the Holy Spirit here and now…so, we still have a reason to remain hopeful for the future, a reason to find meaning and purpose even in our suffering, a reason to walk our journey of Lent through the wilderness with Jesus Christ our Lord.
Faithful friends in Christ, let us have faith in Jesus and continue to live a new life in him. This is our way to go on whether circumstances are favorable or unfavorable. From today, let’s not allow any anxiety and thirst overwhelm us. Let no worries and complaints fill our hearts. But through our prayers and meditations, let only the love and grace of God flow from within our hearts to others. In our care and sacrifice for the vulnerable, let the joy and thanksgiving anoint us afresh. And in our daily words and deeds, let the everlasting hope for Easter, for the resurrection and victory of Jesus, renew the resilient and generous spirits in us and in many people around us. In the face of the crisis, let us keep the faith and live a new life in Christ.
Have you ever thought about the difference between knowing and believing? To know of something and to believe in something…certainly, they express two different cognitive actions. But it’s really hard to pinpoint their difference. The reason that I’m asking this question today is simple. It’s because, believing is what matters most in our Christian life. So, as Christians, we better clarify the meaning of believing at least once. What does it mean to believe? And how is it different from knowing? Let’s find out.
Imagine that you are in a mountain hiking along a trail. And this trail leads you to a hanging bridge. But that bridge looks old and dangerous. So you are worried and hesitating to cross the bridge. Right then, you see a man coming across the bridge. And he happens to be a State inspector. He’s there to check the bridge for an annual inspection. So you ask him, “Is it safe?” And the inspector gives you up-to-date knowledge about the bridge…about how sturdy the bridge is, how much weight it can sustain, and so on. Now you have good knowledge about that hanging bridge. But still, you are not hundred percent sure about that bridge, because it just looks unsafe. Who knows if something goes wrong when you put a step on it?
Here, we see one simple truth. Our knowledge alone cannot make us cross that hanging bridge. We need a certain degree of belief that the bridge is going to be alright. Of course, having more knowledge about the bridge can help us build confidence. But the actual action of walking across the bridge requires our belief… belief in the inspector and in the bridge. Now, can you see the difference between knowing and believing here? Knowing is about our reason, about proof and objective assessments. But believing is beyond reason; it’s more about our attitude, about our commitment that enables us to take action.
This is why that knowledge alone cannot make us Christians. Even if someone knows everything about Christianity and everything about the Bible, we can’t simply say, that person is Christian. To be a Christian, to actually live a new life in Christ, we need to believe in Jesus and commit ourselves to his way of love. Those who just have some knowledge about Jesus…they don’t have to follow him; they don’t have to live or die for him. But for those who believe in Jesus, he is the reason for life, reason for loving others and welcoming strangers, and reason for changing the world. Yes, believing in Jesus is more than just knowing Jesus.
In today’s Hebrew Bible story, we see Abram who is going to be called Abraham later. He is a believer. He’s a kind of person who puts believing before knowing. Here, God makes a great promise to him, saying, “I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing” (Genesis 12:2). But before this promise, God commands Abram to “go.” Go? To where? God doesn’t specify the destination of this journey. God just tells him, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you”…the land I “will” show you (Genesis 12:1). God says, I will tell you later, but for now, just go. Incredibly, even though Abram doesn’t know where he should go, he believes in God’s plan and starts his journey. Without any knowledge, without any map or guide, but only with his belief in God’s promise, he commits himself to God’s lead and takes action.
Now, there’s a guy in today’s Gospel story, who is quite different from Abram. His name is Nicodemus. He is a knower. He’s a kind of person who puts knowing before believing. He was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish supreme council in Jerusalem, a gathering of PhDs and JDs of his days. In the story, he is very curious about Jesus. This young man from the poor town of Nazareth has something special. So, one night, he visits Jesus making sure nobody sees him, because his board doesn’t like Jesus. Looking at Nicodemus’ eagerness to seek a piece of truth, Jesus teaches him about the secret of salvation. “Very truly, I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born from above.” “Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit” (John 3:3; 5). What? Being born again? How come? It doesn’t sound right to Nicodemus.
To this Nicodemus, Jesus gives a lesson of lifetime. “The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes” (John 3:8). Here, Jesus means, “Nicodemus, the truth of salvation is beyond your knowledge. But don’t you think that it’s not for you to know but for you to believe. Knowledge can help you understand me better, but it’s your belief in me that regenerates you and saves you.” So listen, “for God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life” (John 3:16). You don’t have to know all the mystery of God’s grace to be saved, you can simply believe in me. Then you will be born again as a child of God.
Faithful friends in Christ, are you more like Abraham, a believer? Or are you more like Nicodemus, a knower? Between knowing and believing, where are you at now? In this Season of Lent, I hope we all become more like Abraham who puts believing before knowing. I love the English expression “believe in.” Yes, when we believe, we are in. We are in the attitude of accepting Jesus as our Lord. We commit ourselves into the journey with him. We step in the relationship with God. We abide in the Holy Spirit, so that in the presence of God, we experience and understand more and more the love that pours out upon us, the joy that fills our hearts, the grace that renews us even in our darkest days.
Today, you may feel like you don’t know how to live your life, don’t know why bad things happen to you, don’t know where God is, don’t know what to do to renew yourself. If you do, why don’t you stop trying to know everything, but instead, start believing like Abraham, believing that someday God will lead you to the land of promise? Why don’t you stop trying to know everything, but instead, start believing again the truth that Jesus gives to Nicodemus today, the truth that we have heard so many times? “For God so loved the world, for God so loves each one of you, that gave the only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life” (John 3:16). Do you believe this? Do you believe in Jesus?
In this Season of Lent and beyond, let us put believing before knowing. May God renew your spirit and regenerate your life as you trust in Jesus more and more. And may God reaffirm your faith that is the assurance of what you hope for and conviction of what you do not see yet. Amen.
A traveler is walking alone across a wilderness. Suddenly, he hears a weird growl and the sound of ominous footsteps coming toward him. It is a huge elephant charging straight for him. He panics and runs as fast as he can. But he makes a wrong turn leading him to a cliff. Fortunately, there’s a tree standing on the edge of the cliff. But he has no time to climb it. So he quickly grabs one of the ivy vines hanging from the tree and clings to it. Now, he looks down to see if there’s any way out. But to his surprise, there are large venomous snakes waiting for him to fall. Making matters worse, two mice, one white and the other black, appear out of nowhere, and takes turns gnawing the vine—his only lifeline. At this desperate moment, something strange happens. There’s a beehive over him on the branch, and it starts to drop some honey to his face. He licks it a little bit and finds it really sweet and delicious. So he keeps on licking the honey and wants it more and more. After a while, he totally gets addicted to this small pleasure, and forgets all the dangers he is in.
What’s going on here? This story sounds ridiculous, right? This bizarre and even comical story is actually a famous Buddhist illustration of human life. I know, it’s from another religious tradition, but I think, it gives us a poignant description of life with some universal wisdom.
Let me explain its symbolism and it will make sense to you. Here, the traveler represents us, humans. We, lonely travelers, take a journey of life through a wilderness. And there, every one of us encounters death coming toward us like the huge elephant. We try to run away. But we can’t avoid it because there’s a cliff, a certain end. We have to jump off of the cliff and hold on to the ivy vine, which signifies, our uncertain lifespan. And do you remember the two mice gnawing the ivy vine? They represent the passage of time. The white mouse is the symbol of day and the black mouse, night. So day and night take turns and shorten our lives. The venomous snakes in the bottom mean endless sufferings that are ready to devour us. But in this desperate situation, we humans don’t realize the danger and even forget about it. How come? It’s because of the sweet and delicious honey—worldly desires and pleasures. The more we lick it, the more we get indulged and addicted, and the more we lose our mind.
What a stark picture of our life. Like the story shows us, we are stuck. We can never be free from the matter of death. And our fragile ivy vines are being cut even at this very moment. But in reality, we live as if our life would last forever and keep on craving for more honey. Then, what’s the solution here? What might be the way out of this seemingly inescapable situation?
For your information, the Buddhist solution is like this. Wake up! Realize that all this situation is just an illusion. Wake up from your dream. This is what the Buddhist enlightenment is about. But for us, Christians, the solution is certainly different. Our Christian faith understands that it’s impossible for humans to find their own way out by themselves; it’s impossible to renounce all the temptations in life. Look at today’s Genesis story about Adam and Eve. Even though the serpent makes an offer they can’t refuse, they themselves also find the fruit is, the Bible says, “a delight to the eyes,” and “to be desired to make one wise” (Genesis 2:6). Yes, the Bible is honest about us. And I believe, this biblical assessment on human nature is so true. It’s impossible for us to reject all the honeys of the world and make the way out by our own ability and willpower.
Then, what’s the Christian solution for us, for humans who are bound to the chains of temptation, sin, and death? Here, our Christian faith opens our eyes to see a person coming into the picture of our life. This person was the same human just like us, but there’s something different, something special, in him. He came, renounced temptations, put up the way out to set us free. Who is this person? Yes, Jesus Christ.
In today’s Gospel story, Jesus is tempted by the devil. The devil brings Jesus to the cliff and offers him the finest and sweetest honey of the world so that he may lose his purpose and forget who he is just like other humans.
The first temptation targets on his hunger, a basic human need. The devil lures him to satisfy it by using his power. After fasting 40 days in the wilderness, Jesus is famished. But he renounces the temptation, saying, “One does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:3-4). The second temptation targets on Jesus’ vulnerability. The devil attracts Jesus to earn security and fame by using God’s power. If Jesus would jump off of the pinnacle of the temple and get rescued by angels, he could be easily called the Messiah and draw many followers. But Jesus rejects the devil. The last temptation targets on Jesus’ human ego. After showing him “all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor,” the devil asks him to get them by using the devil’s power (4:8). “All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me” (4:9). But Jesus overcomes this final temptation.
Follow your human urge. Satisfy your need. Crave your desire. Don’t you know you can use your power, God’s power, and even my power anytime you want? Just tell me. You can have it all. The finest and sweetest honey of this world is yours if you only ask. The devil’s temptation is strong and tries to bind Jesus tightly. But Jesus renounces this temptation. He becomes free and finally, paves a way out of the cliff. And the way he opened…he opened it for all. So the people who has followed Jesus and taken his way also find freedom. Which way is this? It is the way he made by his sacrifice, the way of freedom…yes, it’s the way of the cross.
Faithful friends in Christ, please remember our Christian solution to the matter of life and death is always the cross. Paul proclaims in his Letter to the Romans, “[Jesus’] act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all” (Romans 5:18). The way of the cross…this way of freedom reveals, there’s a different life in Christ, a life free from human bondage to sin and death, a life free from the fragile ivy vine, and from the worthless honey. And this way of God’s grace saves us from the deadly cliff and leads us to follow Jesus and join his victory. So we give thanks and praise to our God for this amazing act of righteousness of Jesus.
On this first Sunday in Lent, Jesus calls us to open our eyes, look around, and see the true picture of our life, the stark picture of our status quo filled with our hidden addictions and flaws, our greed and sinfulness. And today, Jesus also calls us to take his way of the cross with our faith. He leads us to renounce temptations, sins, and all the spiritual forces of wickedness. And he leads us to walk up the way out of the cliff in our continuous works of piety and mercy. Pray. Meditate. Examine yourself before God. Repent. Love. Forgive. Build up the church. Carry out missions for the lost and the least among you. Share the good news with others. Jesus is calling us. So from today through this Season of Lent and beyond, let us cling to the cross. Let us cling to the old rugged cross of our Lord, join his freedom from temptation and his victory over sin and death. Amen.
Pastor Earl Kim